Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) is an initiative taken by government of India for a demand driven and participative rural development. According to our honorable Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi, SAGY would open all the doors for good political practices.
The scheme, which was launched in October 2014, will invite every MP to select at least one village to take it on development path that is demand driven rather than a supply driven model. This would bring a lot of people’s participation in real terms.
Under the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana, the Member of Parliaments would thrive to make their villages of choice as Model villages. They would focus on social economic development of the villages; thereby raising the level of basic infrastructure each village would posses.
The first village, as a Model Village would be developed by 2016 with two more to be ready by 2019. From 2019 to 2014, each MP would strive to develop five more village as a model village in their constituency. In total, around 6,433 Adarsh Grams would be created by 2024, which in itself would be a high figure for the country.
Key features of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
While there are many subjective aspects related to the development of Adarsh villages, the key features of the Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana are as mentioned:
- The development of Adarsh Grams, as model villages would be done under various existing schemes of the government for rural development. At the same time, the Member of Parliaments would come up with new initiatives in context to their local management and the schemes and their implementations may vary from village to village, depending on the specific requirements.
- The scheme would create models of local development that can be simply replicated in case of other villages.
Identification of villages
This scheme allows MPs to select their choice of village for Adarsh Gram for each year; however the village should be other than their native village or their spouse’s native village. Any village chosen as Adarsh village should have a population of atleast 3,000 to 5,000 if situated in plains and 1,000 to 3,000 in case of hilly region.
Any Lok Sabha MP may choose any village from their constituency and a Rajya Sabha MP can choose any village from their state. At the same time, a nominated MP can choose any village of their choice from the country. Those elected or nominated from an urban locality can choose their Adarsh village from their neighboring constituency.
Where would the funding come from?
The funding of the scheme is a bit confusing as no new or specific fund has been allocated to the scheme. However, the Member of Parliaments can raise the fund from following sources:
- Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme
- The revenue of the Gram Panchayat
- Corporate Social Responsibility Funds
- Central and State Finance Commission Grants
- Funds for existing rural development schemes like Backward Region Grant Fund, Indira Awas Yojana, Mahatma Gandhi national Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana, etc
Implementation of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
Implementation of any scheme makes all the difference in its results. A Development plan would be charted out for each Adarsh Gram and a list of necessary activities to be done would be created with a time-line.
The plan would also include how the work would be done and what could be the possible resources in getting the desired results. Some of the common work areas in Adarsh villages could be:
- Providing basic healthcare facilities in the village
- Promote diversified livelihood by creating agricultural skills in the village workforce
- Housing for all in the Adarsh village
- Social forestry and pension schemes for eligible families
Roles and Responsibilities of Member of Parliaments
- Identification of Adarsh village based on need analysis
- Facilitate and augment the planning process
- Mobilize the funds required and monitor the overall implementation of the scheme and activities
There would be various committees set up at state and center level that would include the Gram Panchayat, District Collector, Chief Secretary of the State and Rural Development Ministers who would assist the entire planning and implementation of the Scheme.
Last but not the least, the monitoring of a scheme is as important as its planning and implementation and thus there would be a monitoring committee that would keep an eye on the implementation and development through web based monitoring. The monitoring would be broken up in stages so that regular checks and balances could be exercised for the overall success of Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana.