Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) Launched
Today, on September 17, 2015, Union Government came out with the announcement of formal launch of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana. Abbreviated as PMKKKY, this new Yojana or scheme from the Union Government is geared towards providing welfare measures for people residing in the areas which are heavily affected by mining operations.
Mr. Narendra Singh Tomar – Mines & Steel Minister of Central Government was caught saying, “The Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana is one of India’s more revolutionary schemes ever launched by Union Government.” “People who are either directly affected or indirectly affected by mining operations in different areas of the country will be the ones who will benefit directly from this scheme,” he added.
The welfare related activities under the PMKKKY will be carried out using funds which the DMFs or District Mineral Foundations generate.
There are three primary objectives of the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana which are summed up below:
- Implementation of programs that will be targeted towards the welfare as well as development of people who live in the areas where ongoing mining operations are carried out by either the State Government of the Central Government.
- Implementation of programs that will help in mitigation and/or minimization of adverse effects caused by mining operations on socio-economic conditions and health conditions of people who reside in nearby areas. The programs will also help to mitigate or minimize negative impact on environment caused by such mining operations.
- Implementation of programs that will carve the path for livelihood earning for affected people in those areas over the long-run.
Under the PMKKKY, the government has put special emphasis on several aspects of what can be defined as a healthy lifestyle. Aspects that get high priority under the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana include:
|1||Health care facilities.|
|2||Clean and hygenic drinking water facilities.|
|3||Development of skills.|
|6||Child and women care.|
|7||Welfare measures for disabled and aged people.|
60% of the total welfare funds will be allocated for environmental development and skill development activities. Remaining of the funds will be used for other purposes mentioned above along with development of:
- Waterways projects.
- Bridges and roads.
- Alternative energy sources.
- Irrigation facilities for farmers.
Essentially, the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana will help to move the people belonging to the lower strata to the mainstream India. Mostly, these lower strata people include forest-dwellers and tribal people who are worst hit by mining activities in India are yet the people who remain mostly ignored.
As far as the collection of funds is concerned, the DMFs will be earning from the miners in their respective areas. On January 12, 2015 the Union Government passed the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act. The DMFs was founded because of the mandate of this new act.
The Central Government has sent out notifications to all miners in all districts of India. According to the sent notifications:
- Miners who were given lease for mining activities before 12.01.2015 will have to pay an additional amount of money apart from the royalty payment they already give to DMFs. The additional amount these miners need to pay is 30% of already decided royalty payment.
- Miners who were given lease for mining activities after 12.01.2015 will be charge an additional amount of only 10% of the agreed upon royalty payments.
- The DMFs in all district will use this additional income for implementation of Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana.
The State Governments have also received directive from the Union Government under 1957 MMDR Act’s Section 20A. The directive provides PMKKKY implementation guidelines. The State Governments will have to implement these guidelines in rules that they enforced for DMFs. On the other hand, DMFs have received direct order from Union Government about complete transparency maintenance. DMFs are required to submit reports on a periodic basis. The reports are to detail the schemes and projects undertaken by DMFs for implementing the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana.