Like any other field in different domains, correct data collection and correct interpretation of that data form the basis of implementation of different policies and ideas. It will eventually helps in overall progress of the niche, whether it is an enterprise or a nation.
For a nation having 17.5% of total world population, and that too, with such diverse cultural and ethnic diversity, collection of data regarding the population become an important asset. National Population Register provides solution for this.
NPR or National Population Register is an inclusive database of Indian population identities. Registrar general and census commissioner of India is responsible for regulating NRP. It is mandatory for every citizen of India to get registered in this register. Citizenship Act 1955 section 14A (amended in 2004)includes this provision.
NPR not only monitor the data related to the population, but carry out some more important functions too. Some of them are illustrated below:
House listing by enumerator: Designated enumerators perform this duty. They visit each and every house and collect the following data:
- Name of the person
- Name of the person as should appear in National Population Register
- Relationship to Head
- Date of Birth
- Marital Status
- Educational Qualification
- Name(s) of father, mother and spouse in full
- Place of Birth
- Nationality as declared
- Present address of usual residence
- Duration of stay at present address
- Permanent residential address
Scanning of NPR schedules: These NPR household schedules are scanned by RGI.
Data digitization:These scanned copies are then converted into textual data. This work is undertaken by DOEACC. Many private firms also take part in this process.
Biometric enrolment and consolidation: DOEACC manages this activity also. Duringbiometric consolidation and enrolment, biometric details of the individual are noted. They include scanning the iris of the eye and scanning fingerprints of both the hands. These details are then merged with the digitized data previously taken.
LRUR correction and validation: If the individual finds that there is something wrong with their data or incorrect data has been entered, they can get it correct. For this LRUR (local register for usual residents) is made available. The individuals can get it corrected by providing the necessary documents.
Checking for duplication: To ensure that there is no duplicate data, RGI sends the applicant data to UIDAI for de-duplication. Each new enrolment is checked for the biometric details and other demographic features. If any duplicity is found, it is eliminated from the database and the details of the particular individual are rechecked.
Consolidation of cleansed data at ORGI: The consolidated data is then consolidated in a particular format. This procedure is carried out by Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India.
Issuance of AADHAR number: Once the data is collected and authorized, the AADHAR number of the particular applicant is issued by UIDAI. It is a12 digit individual identification number. This number will serve as an identity proof in any part of India.
Issue identity/smart card: After all the procedure is completed a smart card or identity card is issued for the respective individual. It will be received through India post or can be downloaded directly from the website.
Every citizen must enroll for NRP, After all “My Identity Is My Pride.”
Author of this article is Dr Pallavi Sharma