List of Mughal Emperors in India with Duration
The Mughal Empire, also known by the names Mogul Empire and Mughliya Sultanat was one of the largest empires in India. Spanning over the majority of the Indian subcontinent also in Afghanistan, the Mughal Empire ruled for a long time. However, not many of us know that the rule of the Mughal Empire was not a continuous one. There was a brief period of 15 years in between where another empire known as the Sur Empire assumed power but declined soon enough, transferring the power back to Mughal Empire once again.
The Mughal Empire was established in 1526 by Zahir-ud-din Muhammad, popularly known as Babur, who descended directly from Genghis Khan and Timur. The newly formed Mughal Empire continued uninterrupted 1540 when Sher Shah Suri toppled the second Mughal Emperor named Humayun and established the short-lived Sur Empire. Sher Shah Suri was succeeded by Islam Shah Suri but in 1555, Humayun came back to throne and the Suri Empire was dismantled once and for all. Ever since then, the Mughal Empire continued its uninterrupted rule till for 3 centuries and finally succumbed in 1857 at the hands of British East India Company.
Here is a quick list of all Mughal Emperors who ruled Indian Subcontinent collectively for more than 300 years:
|SNo||Actual Name of Emperor||Popular Name||Years of Rule (Duration)||Death|
|1st Mughal Emperor||Zahir-ud-din Muhammad||Babur||1526-1530||1530||December 26||47|
|2nd||Nasir-ud-din Muhammad Humayun||Humayun||1530-1540, 1555-1556||1556||January 27||47|
|3rd Muhal Emperor||Jalal-ud-din Muhammad||Akbar||1556-1605||1605||October 27||63|
|4th||Nur-ud-din Muhammad Salim||Jahangir||1605-1627||1627||November 8||58|
|5th||Shahab-ud-din Muhammad Khurram||Shah-Jahan||1627-1658||1666||January 22||74|
|6th Mughal Emperor||Muhy-ud-din Muhammad Aurangzeb||Aurangzeb||1658-1707||1707||March 3||88|
|7th||Abu’lFaaizQutb-ud-Din Muhammad Azam||Azam Shah||1707-1707||1707||June 8||53|
|8th||Qutbud-Din Muhammad Mu’azzam||Bahadur Shah||1707-1712||1712||February 12||68|
|9th||Ma’az-ud-Din Jahandar Shah Bahadur||Jahandar Shah||1712-1713||1713||February 12||51|
|11th||Rafi ud-Darajat||Rafi ud-Darajat||1719-1719||1719||June 9||19|
|12th||Rafi ud-Daulah||Shah Jahan II||1719-1719||1719||September 19||23|
|13th||Roshan Akhtar Bahadur||Muhammad Shah||1719-1748||1748||April 26||45|
|14th||Ahmad Shah Bahadur||Ahmad Shah Bahadur||1748-1754||1775||January 1||49|
|15th||Aziz-ud-din||Alamgir II||1754-1759||1759||November 29||60|
|16th||Muhi-ul-millat||Shah Jahan III||1759-1759||1772||—||—|
|17th||Ali Gauhar||Shah Alam II||1759-1806||1806||November 19||78|
|18th||Mirza Akbar||Akbar Shah II||1806-1837||1837||September 28||77|
|Last Mughal Emperor||Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar||Bahadur Shah II||1837-1857||1862||November 7||88|
Bahadur Shah II was exiled by British East India Company and eventually after the death of Bahadur Shah II, the Mughal Empire formally came to an end after ruling India for 316 years in total. The most glorious era of Mughal Empire was under the rule of its third Emperor – Jalal-ud-din Muhammad, popularly known as Akbar the Great. Akbar was known for being a great diplomat, a highly skilled general and a very able ruler. It was he who introduced the centralized governance in Mughal Empire. Akbar was also known for being a great lover of culture and art.