KG to PG Scheme Telangana
A scheme called KG to PG free education scheme was launched in the state of Telengala in the December month of 2014. This education scheme has been a flagship scheme of the newly formed govt. of the new emerged state – Telengana. This scheme was launched and administered under the Ministry of Education, Telengana. The main aim of the KG to PG free education scheme in Telengana is to increase the literacy rate in the state and to provide free and compulsory education right from the beginning.
Present scenario of education system in Telengana
As compared to the literacy ratios of the states of South India, the literacy rate in Telengana is very poor. The present literacy rate in the state is only 66.46 % which is low, if compared to other neighbouring countries. Kerala is in the top position in terms of the literacy rate with nearly 91 % of overall literacy. As per the last census report, the female literacy rate of Telengana is very low, at 57.9 % and the male literacy rate is nearly 75 %. However, the capital city Hyderabad has the highest literacy rate of 80 % and the district Mahabubnagar is at the bottom with 56 % literacy rate.
KG to PG free education scheme to improve the literacy rate in Telengana
The Dept. Of Education is committed to bring up the literacy rate in the state of Telengana, specially the literacy rate of women and the education system in some districts like Mahabubnagar, Adilabad, Medak and Nizambad. The govt. is concerned about the low female literacy rate in the state. Hon’ble Education Minister of Telengana, Shri Jagdish Reddy after launching the KG to PG free education scheme in the state has stated that this scheme will surely help in reviving the education system in the state, mainly in those districts where the literacy late is low. Students, right from the KG classes up to their higher studies will get quality education in the schools, colleges and universities. Modern educational infrastructures are to be set up in the state schools so that the idea of free and quality education to be implemented in the state.
Every constituency must have one school
The state of Telengana has been formed as a brand new state on 2nd June, 2014 after being detached from Andhra Pradesh. It has become functionally independent in every term, including its education system. It has a literacy rate of 66.46 %. At present, there are 119 constituencies functioning in the state of Telengana. As pert studies done by the Dept. Of Education, one main reason for low literacy rate in the state is due to the absence of school in some constituencies of the state. So the Govt. has decided that under the KG to PG free education scheme in Telengana, each constituency will have a school with all modern facilities like hostel, laboratories, educational apparatus, proper teaching strength, etc.
Dropout rate in school level of Telengana
As per the reports of Dept. of Education, Govt. of Telengana, the dropout rate of school students has been quite high, resulting in the low overall literacy rate in the state. An alarming number of students leave school and stop having elementary education. The ratio is in sharp contrast with the other neighbouring states. The backward district of Mahbubnagar experiences the highest percentage of school dropout in the state of Telengana, with about 53.2 %.
Following is the data on the school dropouts in the state and present education scenario of Telengana:
|Sl. No.||Telengana literacy attributes||Related data|
|1||Overall literacy rate||66.46 %|
|2||Male literacy rate||75 %|
|3||Female literacy rate||57.9 %|
|4||District with least literacy rate||Mahbubnagar (56 %)|
|5||District with highest literacy rate||Hyderabad (80 %)|
|6||District with highest school dropouts||Mahbubnagar|
|7||District with least school dropouts||Ranga Reddy|
|8||Average rate of school dropout||38.21 %|
Teaching methods to be implemented under the KG to PG free education scheme
Under the KG to PG free education scheme in the state of Telengana, the govt. has decided to make the schools equipped with all modern amenities and infrastructures. The medium of teaching will be Telegu, the state language for the primary classes i.e. classes up to the 5th standard. After that, the medium of teaching will be English, i.e. from 6th standard to the Post Graduation. The teachers will be given special training so as to make a good environment for studying and learning in the schools so than the student – teacher interactions will grow more.
Class breakdown in schools
As per the scheme, the classes in the schools will have two sections in the primary level, i.e. from the KG standard to the 5th standard. Thereafter, from the class VI, the classes will be broken down in three sections. Each section will not have more than 40 students so that the students will have proper surrounding to get quality education. Right now, the classes in the Govt. run schools have more number of students in every class and the number of teachers is not adequate.
Keeping the student – teacher ratio stable under the scheme
As per the studies held by the Dept. of Education, it is seen that the teacher and student ratio is not correct in schools and colleges of most parts of the state. The number of teachers assigned to the classes in a given school is quite low, in terms if the number of students. As a result, this has become one of the primary reasons behind the low literacy rate in some backward districts of Telengana. So under the KG to PG free education scheme in the state, the Govt. will ensure that there is adequate number of teachers teaching in the schools as well as colleges. It is take necessary steps to fill up vacant positions of teachers in the state, especially in the rural areas.
Developing school infrastructure under the scheme
The Govt. made plans to develop the overall infrastructure of the govt. run schools in the states. Each school will have mandatory playing ground along with functional libraries and laboratories. The Govt. is keen to set up toilets for the students in all schools, especially in rural areas. The schools will have modern hostel and boarding facilities where students can board and have a quality staying and learning environment. Safer hostel facilities for the girl students in schools and colleges are to be set up. The quality of food served in the hostels is to be taken care of. Separate teacher training courses are to be imparted for the school teachers so that to make them friendlier in their way of teaching and handling students.
Special attention for the students of backward families and rural areas
The students who come from poor and backward families are to be motivated even more and will have to be encouraged to attend the school regularly. It is seen that the rural area schools experience greater amounts of school dropouts, mostly from primary classes. The condition of female school dropouts is even more. So as per the KG to PG scheme in Telengana, the Govt. will provide free education along with basic amenities like books, study materials, hostels with good food, etc. As per the Chief Minister of the state, the success of KG to PG scheme depends on the success in rural areas. The parents of backward and poor families are to be encouraged to let their sons and daughters study till higher education and compete for jobs.
Three level program implementation
The KG to PG scheme in the state of Telengana will be enacted in three levels. The first level will be from KG to 4th standard, which is the primary level of education. The second stage will be from the 5th standard to the 12th standard. Thus, the students become higher secondary pass. But, to make them fit for career opportunities and jobs, the students will also be provided free and quality education in colleges and universities from bachelor’s degree to post graduate degree. Teachers and supporting staffs are to be appointed as per their merits and teaching capabilities in different levels and will be given special teaching classes.
Fund allocation problems in the KG to PG scheme in the new budget of Telengana
As per the new budget session held in the state recently, the funds that were allocated in the overall education system is quite low than last year. The total corpus assigned for educational system in the state is Rs. 10,738 crore. As per analysis, these funds will never be sufficient to implement the total KG to PG scheme all across the state, as planned. As the KG to PG scheme is itself a very huge project and will need much more funds to get implemented and function efficiently. This year, only 9.69 % of the budget corpus is being allocated in the educational sector. So, the working committee of the scheme is not satisfied with the allocations.